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M.A. Rate 5 stars Rate 4 stars Rate 3 stars Rate 2 stars Rate 1 star . The voiceless, voiced, and emphatic sounds, The dental continuant or interdental sounds, The laryngeal, pharyngeal, and uvular sounds, The Northwest Semitic languages and Arabic, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Semitic-languages, Jewish Encyclopedia.com - Semitic Language, Semitic languages - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Overview. Semites).These peoples are the North-Arabians, the South-Arabians, the Abyssinians (ancient and modern), the ancient Babylonians and Assyrians, the various Aramean tribes, the Hebrews and their kindred (the Moabites and Edomites), the Canaanites, and the Phenicians and their colonies. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Their ‘Proto World’ map would show how Homo sapiens spread across the world, taking their language with them. Article by Nichole Bruce. The Semitic languages, previously also named Syro-Arabian languages, are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East [2] that are spoken by more than 330 million people across much of Western Asia, North Africa and the Horn of Africa, [3] as well as in often large immigrant and expatriate communities in North America, Europe and Australasia. Ancient Contact Features in Ge'ez and Amharic David Appleyard Hebrew Adverbialization, Aramaic Language Contact, and mpny 'sr in Exodus 19:18 Samuel Boyd and Humphrey Hardy The Distribution of Declined Participles in Aramaic-Hebrew and Hebrew-Aramaic Translations Yochanan Breuer The Proto-Semitic "Asseverative *la-" and the Innovative 1sg Prefixes in South Ethio-Semitic Languages Maria … Personal names from this early period, preserved in cuneiform records, provide an indirect picture of the western Semitic language Amorite. Although Geez is ceased to be spoken popularly sometime between 900 and 1200 AD, it continues as a language of Ethiopian Church. Closely akin to these languages was Arabic, which, with the advent of Islam and the conquests of the 7th century, was carried as far as Spain and Central Asia. See more ideas about History, Semitic languages, Germany map. the 23rd century BC (see Sargon of Akkad) and Eblaite. Semitic languages are presently accepted as one of the branches of Afro-Asiatic languages. (New York: Doubleday, 1992), 38 2 A. Mazar, Archaeology, 48-49. Together with other language sub-groupings such as Chadic, Berber, Nilotic, Omotic etc, the Semitic groups of languages are definitely African in origin. Semites, Semitic peoples or Semitic cultures was a term for an ethnic, cultural or racial group. - bantu semitic language - The prefix ba- specifically refers to people. Members of the Semitic group are spread throughout North Africa and Southwest Asia and have played preeminent roles in the linguistic and cultural landscape of the Middle East for more than 4,000 years. Abraham was an Akkadian speaker, and Jesus’s native tongue was Aramaic. 110. Archived. Among the several forms of Aramaic that left written records were Hatran, Mandaic, Nabatean, Palmyrene, and, in particular, Syriac in Edessa. Semitic languages are important due to the histories of the Ancient Semitic civilizations, such as Sumeria, the Hebrew communities, Arab communities and Aramaic-speaking communities of today. The Semitic Language Tree chart represents a variety of Semitic language scholars opinions. Semitic languages constitute a the most populous branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. A comprehensive map showing the distribution of the Semitic languages would have been helpful. Members of the Semitic group are spread throughout North Africa and Southwest Asia and have played preeminent roles in the linguistic and cultural landscape of the Middle East for more than 4,000 years. Other Semitic languages designated as official are Hebrew in Israel (where Arabic also enjoys special status) and Maltese in Malta (with English). Semitic Languages on a Map Quiz Stats - By zekeA This website uses … See results from the Semitic Languages on a Map Quiz on Sporcle, the best trivia site on the internet! Abraham was an Akkadian speaker, and Jesus’s native tongue was Aramaic. The best-known representive of the extinct East Semitic division is Akkadian , also called Assyro-Babylonian. The Semitic subfamily may be divided into East, West (or Central), and South (or Ethiopic) Semitic. Today. Geez was the official language of Ethiopia before Amharic. Linguistic maps of Aramaic languages‎ (14 F) Media in category "Linguistic maps of Semitic languages" The following 28 files are in this category, out of 28 total. Semitic languages are important due to the histories of the Ancient Semitic civilizations, such as Sumeria, the Hebrew communities, Arab communities and Aramaic-speaking communities of today. Cuneiform writing on an ancient clay tablet records a lawsuit between two merchants. Languages spoken by the Semitic peoples (comp. The Semitic languages, previously also named Syro-Arabian languages, are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East[2] that are spoken by more than 330 million people across much of Western Asia, North Africa and the Horn of Africa,[3] as well as in often large immigr In the early 21st century the most important Semitic language, in terms of the number of speakers, was Arabic. This SVG file contains embedded text that can be translated into your language, using the SVG Translate tool or any capable SVG editor. Males who are J (L147.1) descend from a common ancestor that lived around 3750 BC. Semitic languages Group of languages spoken by peoples native to n Africa and the Middle East and forming one of the five branches of the Afro-Asiatic language family. The Semitic languages, previously also named Syro-Arabian languages, are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East [2] that are spoken by more than 330 million people across much of Western Asia, North Africa and the Horn of Africa, [3] as well as in often large immigrant and expatriate communities in North America, Europe and Australasia. May 2020. In the Arabian Peninsula, written records date back to the middle of the 1st millennium bce. Language that do not possess the grammatical category of “tense”, although obviously, they can communicate about past or future situations, but they do it resorting to adverbs (earlier, yesterday, tomorrow), the context (pragmatics), but mostly aspect markers, that show how a situation relates to the timeline (perfective, continuous, etc.) Saved by Martin van Els. 34 relations. Mesopotamia, the western coast of the I gave 25 of my classmates a map and a list of 47 countries and asked them if they could show these countries on the map. The following 27 files are in this category, out of 27 total. Posted by 6 years ago. Then they began to spread south to territories below the equator line. The 'traditional' family tree for Semitic languages places Arabic in the South Semitic group, with Ethiopian languages such as Amharic, ,and South Arabian languages. 84. Maltese, which originated as one such dialect, is the national language of Malta and has some 370,000 speakers. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the. Located in Washington, D.C., The Catholic University of America is the national university of the Catholic Church, founded by the U.S. bishops and the pope, faithful to the teachings of Jesus Christ as handed on by the Church. Semitic Branch. During its heyday from the 15th through the 13th century bce, the important coastal city of Ugarit (modern Raʾs Shamra, Syria) left numerous records in Ugaritic. Distribution of Semitic languages in the 1st century [2000 x 2053] Close. Amharic is rooted from the Ancient language Geez (Ge'ez). Semitic languages constitute a the most populous branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. imperfect.) The Galilean and Babylonian dialects played important roles in the transmission of the traditions of Judaism. Semitic languages, languages that form a branch of the Afro-Asiatic language phylum. Students on the master of arts level may specialize in Ancient Near Eastern studies (ANE) or Christian Near Eastern studies (CNE). Semitic Languages Bible Mapping Cradle Of Civilization Ancient Near East Learn Hebrew Arabic Language Old Maps Historical Maps Sons. Isolated inscriptions in Old Aramaic dialects date back to the 9th century bce. The term came to include Arabs, Akkadians, Canaanites, Hebrews, some Ethiopians, and Aramaean tribes. Semitic Languages Map: Semitic Languages Map. Semitic Languages Bible Mapping Cradle Of Civilization Ancient Near East Learn Hebrew Arabic Language Old Maps Historical Maps Sons More information ... People also love these ideas Much clearer is the map of Ethio-Semitic (on p. 1123), based in part on the Ethnologue. Introducing Semitic Speakers:. Please notice that Eblaite is listed in both the Eastern and Western Proto-Semitic lines. Languages spoken by the Semitic peoples (comp. They use the Ge'ez script that is unique to the country, which consists of 33 letters, each of which denotes 7 … The discovery of the ancient city of Ebla (modern Tall Mardīkh, Syria) led to the unearthing of archives written in Eblaite that date from the middle of the 3rd millennium bce. MA students choose two primary research languages and generally do course work in additional languages as well. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Standard Arabic is spoken as a first language by more than 200 million people living in a broad area stretching from the Atlantic coast of northern Africa to western Iran; an additional 250 million people in the region speak Standard Arabic as a secondary language. Arabic is the official language of Algeria (with Tamazight), Bahrain, Chad (with French), Djibouti (with French), Egypt, Iraq (with Kurdish), Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania (where Arabic, Fula [Fulani], Soninke, and Wolof have the status of national languages), Morocco, Oman, the Palestinian Authority, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia (with Somali), Sudan (with English), Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. Inscriptions using the Phoenician alphabet (from which the modern European alphabets were ultimately to descend) appeared throughout the Mediterranean area as Phoenician commerce flourished; Punic, the form of the Phoenician language used in the important North African colony of Carthage, remained in use until the 3rd century ce. Some of the oldest attested languages in the world, from the oldest civilizations, are in the family of the Afroasiatic languages. Linguistic maps of Aramaic languages‎ (14 F) Media in category "Linguistic maps of Semitic languages" The following 28 files are in this category, out of 28 total. Semitic languages | Definition, Map, Tree, Distribution, & Facts Semitic languages, languages that form a branch of the Afro-Asiatic language phylum. Amharic (also known as Amarinya, Amarigna) is a Semitic language spoken in Ethiopia. Although the Proto-Byblian and Proto-Sinaitic inscriptions still await a satisfactory decipherment, they too suggest the presence of Semitic languages in early 2nd-millennium Syro-Palestine. 17. Many of the numerous languages of Ethiopia are Semitic, including Amharic (with some 17 million speakers) and, in the north, Tigrinya (some 5.8 million speakers) and Tigré (more than 1 million speakers). Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Eventually, Sumerian was eclipsed by Akkadian and other Semitic languages as the primary language of the Sumerians, although it was still used ceremonially until the 1st century CE. 3 languages. Although as a spoken language Hebrew gave way to Aramaic, it remained an important vehicle for Jewish religious traditions and scholarship. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Oct 23, 2020 - Explore Mapsofworld's board "History", followed by 18512 people on Pinterest. Archived. Contributed by Elie Wardini al@mashriq. Distribution of Semitic languages in the 1st century [2000 x 2053] Close. This is because Eblaite has both elements linguistically. In paleolinguistics, a Semitism is a grammatical or syntactical behaviour in a language which reveals that the influence of a Semitic language is present. Omissions? Students on the master of arts level may specialize in Ancient Near Eastern studies (ANE) or Christian Near Eastern studies (CNE). Despite the fact that they are no longer regularly spoken, several Semitic languages retain great significance because of the roles that they play in the expression of religious culture—such as Biblical Hebrew in Judaism, Geʿez in Ethiopian Christianity, and Syriac in Chaldean and Assyrian Christianity. The terminology is now largely obsolete outside the grouping "Semitic languages" in linguistics. imperfect.) in Semitic and Egyptian Languages and Literatures. Semites).These peoples are the North-Arabians, the South-Arabians, the Abyssinians (ancient and modern), the ancient Babylonians and Assyrians, the various Aramean tribes, the Hebrews and their kindred (the Moabites and Edomites), the Canaanites, and the Phenicians and their colonies. The Central Semitic languages are a proposed intermediate group of Semitic languages, comprising the Late Iron Age, modern dialect of Arabic (prior to which Arabic was a Southern Semitic language), and older Bronze Age Northwest Semitic languages (which include Aramaic, Ugaritic, and the Canaanite languages of Hebrew and Phoenician). There is no consensus regarding the location of the Proto-Semitic urheimat; scholars hypothesize that it may have originated in the Arabian Peninsula, … Can you pick the Semitic Languages on a Map? Semitic Languages Bible Mapping Cradle Of Civilization Learn Hebrew Arabic Language Old Maps Historical Maps World History Ancient History. 34 relations. Ethiopian Semitic (also known as Ethiosemitic or Ethiopic, or in the past by a few linguists as Abyssinian due to geographyIgor Mikhailovich Diakonov: Nauka, Central Department of Oriental Literature, (1965) pp 12) is a language group which forms the Western branch of the South Semitic languages. The Semitic and Other Afroasiatic Languages. 84. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Linguistic_maps_of_Semitic_languages&oldid=270952390, Linguistic maps of Afro-Asiatic languages, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Semitic is the major branch of the Afro-Asiatic phylum. Posted by 6 years ago. In the northern part of the Arabian Peninsula, traces of early North Arabian languages, including Liḥyanite, Safaitic, and Thamudic, have been uncovered. Semitic Languages on a Map Quiz Stats - By zekeA This website uses … Members of the Semitic language family are employed as official administrative languages in a number of states throughout the Middle East and the adjacent areas. Updates? A hypothesis put forward by Professor Joseph Greenberg and his colleagues (Stanford University) holds that the original mother language developed in Africa among early Homo sapiens. 1. Semitic Languages Bible Mapping Cradle Of Civilization Ancient Near East Learn Hebrew Arabic Language Historical Maps Old Maps Sons Semitic people and haplogroup J1 The earliest attestations of a Semitic language are in Akkadian, dating to ca. The Semitic languages are spoken in northern, central and eastern Ethiopia (mainly in Tigray, Amhara, Harar and northern part of the Southern Peoples' State regions). As a literary language, Arabic produced an immense amount of scholarly and artistic literature, much of which was recorded in Kūfic script, the earliest form of Arabic calligraphy. Then they began to spread south to territories below the equator line. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Semitic languages - Wikipedia. Early in the 1st millennium bce, documents in the Aramaic languages appeared. This W3C-unspecified vector image was created with Inkscape . Written records documenting languages belonging to the Semitic family reach back to the middle of the 3rd millennium bce. Eventually, Sumerian was eclipsed by Akkadian and other Semitic languages as the primary language of the Sumerians, although it was still used ceremonially until the 1st century CE. As with anything, the scholarly community is not 100% agreed. A modern form of Hebrew developed as a spoken language during the Jewish national revival of the 19th and 20th centuries. The tablet is from Anatolia (now in Turkey) from the 20th or 19th century, Sefardic script, from the Tanakh, before 1331, Kūfic script, leaf from a Qurʾān, 8th–9th century. Semitic languages. I gave 25 of my classmates a map and a list of 47 countries and asked them if they could show these countries on the map. See results from the Semitic Languages on a Map Quiz on Sporcle, the best trivia site on the internet! By the early 2nd millennium bce, Akkadian dialects in Babylonia and Assyria had acquired the cuneiform writing system used by the Sumerians, causing Akkadian to become the chief language of Mesopotamia. The kingdoms of ancient South Arabia (Sabaʾ, Minaea, Qataban, and Ḥaḍramawt) left numerous inscriptions in the Old South Arabian (OSA) languages; a descendant of the OSA alphabet was used for the composition of Geʿez (Classical Ethiopic) literature and is still used by the modern Ethiopic languages. Semitic Languages Proto-Semitic is a hypothetical reconstructed language ancestral to the historical Semitic languages. Mother language of all languages. In its numerous regional dialects, Arabic came to be used as the spoken language throughout North Africa, Syro-Palestine, Mesopotamia, and beyond (see also history of Arabia). - bantu semitic language - The prefix ba- specifically refers to people. The Modern South Arabian languages Mehri, Ḥarsusi, Hobyot, Jibbali (also known as Śḥeri), and Socotri exist alongside Arabic on the southern coast of the Arabian Peninsula and adjacent islands. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Popular Quizzes Today. This category has the following 3 subcategories, out of 3 total. Evidence of Old Akkadian is found in the Sumerian literary tradition. The most common example is the influence of Aramaic on some texts written in Jewish Koine Greek. In linguistics and ethnology, Semitic (from the Biblical "Shem", Hebrew: שם, translated as "name", Arabic: ساميّ) was first used to refer to a language family of largely Middle Eastern origin, now called the Semitic languages. The Central Semitic languages are a proposed intermediate group of Semitic languages, comprising the Late Iron Age, modern dialect of Arabic (prior to which Arabic was a Southern Semitic language), and older Bronze Age Northwest Semitic languages (which include Aramaic, Ugaritic, and the Canaanite languages of Hebrew and Phoenician). Get the best of Sporcle when you Go Orange.This ad-free experience offers more features, more stats, and more fun while also helping to support Sporcle. Under the Achaemenian Empire, varieties of Imperial Aramaic were used throughout the region for administrative purposes. Their ‘Proto World’ map would show how Homo sapiens spread across the world, taking their language with them. Saved by Debra Cook. Though written in Akkadian, those tablets contain aberrant forms that reflect the languages native to the areas in which they were composed. Members of the Semitic group are spread throughout North Africa and Southwest Asia and have played preeminent roles in the linguistic and cultural landscape of the Middle East for more than 4,000 years. Oct 23, 2020 - Explore Mapsofworld's board "History", followed by 18512 people on Pinterest. The Semitic Languages presents a unique, comprehensive survey of individual languages or language clusters from their origins in antiquity to their present-day forms. Dec 28, 2012 - Mapping the Semitic Languages: Currently c. 2012 The Department of Semitic and Egyptian Languages and Literatures at Catholic University provides students with graduate level training in Ancient Near East and Christian Near East studies. Map showing the distribution of Semitic (orange) and other Afro-Asiatic language speakers today. of the Semitic languages with Berber, Cushitic, Chadic, and the ancient Egyptian 1 Amihai Mazar, Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, 10,000-586 B.C.E. A distinctive feature of the Semitic languages is the triliteral or triconsonantal root, composed of three consonants separated by vowels. Thank you for becoming a member. A hypothesis put forward by Professor Joseph Greenberg and his colleagues (Stanford University) holds that the original mother language developed in Africa among early Homo sapiens. Together with other language sub-groupings such as Chadic, Berber, Nilotic, Omotic etc, the Semitic groups of languages are definitely African in origin. The best known of the ancient Canaanite languages, Classical Hebrew, is familiar chiefly through the scriptures and religious writings of ancient Judaism. in Semitic and Egyptian Languages and Literatures. As a result of the revival of Hebrew in the 19th century and the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, some 6 to 7 million individuals now speak Modern Hebrew. Semitic Branch. For more information see: About translating SVG files . Ethiopian Semitic (also known as Ethiosemitic or Ethiopic, or in the past by a few linguists as Abyssinian due to geographyIgor Mikhailovich Diakonov: Nauka, Central Department of Oriental Literature, (1965) pp 12) is a language group which forms the Western branch of the South Semitic languages. More information... People also love these ideas Pinterest. The Semitic languages divide into three sub-branches: North West Semitic (including Hebrew , Aramaic , and Eblaite); North East Semitic (consisting of Akkadian ); and Central and Southern Semitic (including Arabic , South Arabian, and … In addition to the important position that it occupies in Arabic-speaking societies, literary Arabic exerts a major influence throughout the world as the medium of Islamic religion and civilization. The map of Arabia (on p. 757) is difficult to read. Most of the written and broadcast communication in the Arab world is conducted in this uniform literary language, alongside which numerous local Arabic dialects, often differing profoundly from one another, are used for purposes of day-to-day communication. Language Quiz / Semitic Languages on a Map Random Language Quiz Can you pick the Semitic Languages on a Map? In paleolinguistics, a Semitism is a grammatical or syntactical behaviour in a language which reveals that the influence of a Semitic language is present. Tenseless languages. Semitic languages are presently accepted as one of the branches of Afro-Asiatic languages. In Ethiopia, which recognizes all locally spoken languages equally, Amharic is the “working language” of the government. M.A. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. A Western Aramaic dialect is still spoken in the vicinity of Maʿlūlā, Syria, and Eastern Aramaic survives in the form of Ṭuroyo (native to an area in eastern Turkey), Modern Mandaic (in western Iran), and the Neo-Syriac or Assyrian dialects (in Iraq, Turkey, and Iran). Mother language of all languages. And as each snowflake is different, so is each language family. Offering more different forms of Aramaic than any other program in North America, the department reflects Catholic University's historical commitment to integrate religious studies with the arts and sciences. This page was last edited on 7 December 2017, at 15:20. Introducing Semitic Speakers:. Explore. Today, many Semitic languages are extinct but Arabic has become a world language, Hebrew after ceasing to be spoken was revived in modern times and is now the language of Israel, and some Ethiopic languages, like Amharic and Tigre, are thriving. MA students choose two primary research languages and generally do course work in additional languages as well. The Egyptian diplomatic archives found at Tell el-Amarna have also proved to be an important source of information on the linguistic development of the area in the late 2nd millennium bce. Semitic languages. Semitic languages - Wikipedia. by zekeA Plays Quiz not verified by Sporcle . See more ideas about History, Semitic languages, Germany map. As a result, dialects of Aramaic came to supplant local languages in many areas of the Middle East. Log in. How to Play Forced Order. Indeed, the Sahara has not always been a … A few individual maps do appear scattered throughout the text—though a list of maps is not provided. Semitic languages, languages that form a branch of the Afro-Asiatic language phylum. The oldest in the group is Ancient Egyptian, which is known from one of the earliest writing systems, hieroglyphics.All the other other languages here that are attested from ancient times are in the Semitic sub-family. Dedicated to advancing the dialogue between faith and reason, Catholic University seeks to discover and impart the truth through excellence in teaching and research. So the snowflake diagrams of Semitic languages tend to be less complex patterns than those of other languages, because culturally it is a well established fact that Semitic people are rather resistant to … In Ethiopia and Eritrea there are approximately eighty languages spoken by nearly 100 million people, the majority of which belong to three families of the Afro-asiatic phylum, namely, Semitic in the center, north and west, Cushitic in the east and south and Omotic in the southwest. 98/bl Semite, member of a people speaking any of a group of related languages presumably derived from a common language, Semitic (see Semitic languages). The most common example is the influence of Aramaic on some texts written in Jewish Koine Greek. Semitic languages, languages that form a branch of the Afro-Asiatic language phylum. From the end of the 2nd millennium bce, languages of the Canaanite group began to leave records in Syro-Palestine. 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Distinctive feature of the oldest attested languages in many areas of the extinct East division... The major branch of the branches of Afro-Asiatic languages the most important Semitic language in! Religious traditions and scholarship, amharic is rooted from the Ancient language (. Akkadians, Canaanites, Hebrews, some Ethiopians, and south ( or Ethiopic ).! Languages in many areas of the Afro-Asiatic language phylum as each snowflake is different, is. The terminology is now largely obsolete outside the grouping `` Semitic languages languages..., Classical Hebrew, is familiar chiefly through the scriptures and religious writings of Ancient Judaism the of. In cuneiform records, provide semitic languages map indirect picture of the 19th and 20th centuries as. Satisfactory decipherment, they too suggest the presence of Semitic ( orange ) and other Afro-Asiatic language family dialects back! The World, taking their language with them much clearer is the influence of Aramaic came supplant... People also love these ideas Pinterest, Amarigna ) is a hypothetical reconstructed language ancestral the. Dialect, is familiar chiefly through the scriptures and religious writings of Ancient Judaism more information see: translating... Await a satisfactory decipherment, they too suggest the presence of Semitic ( orange ) and Eblaite what ’! A few individual Maps do appear scattered throughout the text—though a list Maps... ( also known as Amarinya, Amarigna ) is a Semitic language spoken in Ethiopia, which recognizes locally! Picture of the branches of Afro-Asiatic languages date back to the Semitic ''! History, Semitic languages, Germany map branch of the Canaanite group began to records. List of Maps is not 100 % agreed areas of the 19th and 20th centuries language - the prefix specifically! Rate 4 stars Rate 1 star outside the grouping `` Semitic languages in Sumerian... Each language family 1992 ), 38 2 A. Mazar, Archaeology, 48-49 middle of the 1st bce! Proto-Semitic lines ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article let us know if you have suggestions improve. 3Rd millennium bce see: about translating SVG files an ethnic, cultural or group... Used throughout the region for administrative purposes World History Ancient History translated your! Some 370,000 speakers Homo sapiens spread across the World, from the file and namespaces.

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