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So if you are looking to select wood purely based on its level of hardness and durability, you may want to go with the black locust lumber for your project. Many people on YouTube, including some nursery owners (who should know better! The bright green leaves turn yellow during early autumn. Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) is a legume belonging to the pea (Fabaceae) family. Often these anomalies result from stress or damage to a woody plant. black locust has very slightly higher energy/volume, while honey locust has very slightly higher energy/mass. The black locust tree is fast growing and larger than the honey locust. Resistant or very resistant: old-growth bald cypress, catalpa, cedar (either eastern or western red cedar), black cherry, chestnut, junipers, honey locust, white oak, old-growth redwood, sassafras, and black walnut. This article reviews the nutrition, benefits, and potential downsides of acacia honey. January 14, 2011 < http://www.differencebetween.net/science/nature/difference-between-black-and-honey-locust-trees/ >. A black locust has a rough dark brown bark whereas a honey locust tree has a bark that is gray to brownish colour. This is the most liquid honey of all. This fact does not generally affect the overall appearance of the finished wood, however. Softer trees tend to be easier to damage, and they may not take stain well due to the looser texture of their wood or their odd coloring. Both the black and honey locust have smooth, thin, shiny seedpods. Since Locust honey is the first honey produced in the season, the bees need to be strong and ready for the nectar flow from the black locust trees. Both trees appear in the Fabaceae family. The other ID marker is a small stout briar spine on branches, often curved and in pairs at each leaf node. Long, nasty tire popping, barefoot throbbing thorns= HONEY LOCUST! Black locust and honey locust lumber are often so similar that buyers confuse them with each other. • Categorized under Nature | Difference Between Black and Honey Locust Trees. For the honey locust, the wide sapwood bears a pale yellow hue. For example, if working with wood is your thing, you will find that there is a seemingly endless variety of wood types that you can use for structural elements, trim and molding, furniture, cabinetry, and much more. There are a variety of black locust cultivars available. Sometimes it is crafted into veneer. The color of a tree’s wood typically varies depending on the area from which the lumber is cut. The black locust reaches a height of about 50 to 75 feet with a diameter of up to 36". The texture is moderately even, and the wood has a natural luster of its own, which is moderate in comparison to the innate luster of other trees. Prabhat S. "Difference Between Black and Honey Locust Trees." It is useful as utility lumber. Some woodworkers like turning honey locust for various projects. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Black locust belongs in the Robinia genus, and honey locust belongs in the Gleditsia genus. Honey locust wood makes excellent furniture, and it may also be used to create sturdy fence posts. Identifying species of locust trees can be done by features such as their … Locust Tree Identification. Eventually, you will be comfortable moving beyond the more familiar, less expensive woods like oak, poplar, pine, and fir, and you will probably try experimenting with more costly wood like cherry, maple, mahogany, ash, and elm. Its heartwood is quite a bit darker, with a reddish-brown ranging from lighter to fairly vivid. Morphology Size and shape: It is a medium-sized tree, averaging 12 to 30 m in height and 30 to 60 cm (up to 150 cm) in diameter. Watch Queue Queue. DifferenceBetween.net. Press Esc to cancel. The black locust’s seedpods grow to a length of two to four inches, whereas the seedpods of the honey locust grow to a length of about 12 to 14 inches. Other times it is made into beautiful furniture. I don't know about axe handles but Honey and Black locust are both used for making all wood bows and based upon "The Wood Engineering Handbook" they are very tough woods, so they should work well. Plus, the colors of the two trees are slightly different. Its crown is narrow with an open, irregular form and contorted branches. From contributor G: I'm not sure if this is honey locust or black locust. Its straight grain is attractive and can be helpful during the machining process, but since it is so hard, it may cause cutting edges of tools to become blunted on a regular basis, so be prepared to deal with that. Watch Queue Queue But if you look at the seedpod, there are minor differences. It is also responsive to gluing and to finishes of various kinds. However, one differentiating factor is the presence and quantity of tyloses. From an engineering perspective (and being kinda picky about definitions) Black locust trees produce one of the rarest types of honey in Indiana due to the need for the perfect weather and the short time frame that the nectar remains on the trees. This number represents how strong, tough, and impact-resistant the wood is. The black locust tree’s botanical name is Robinia pseudoacacia and the honey locust tree’s is Gleditsia triacanthos. The black locust and honey locust are trees that grow in warm climates. Ultimately, black locust has some advantages over the honey locust. In appearance, the honey locust has wood with very similar coloring to the Kentucky Coffeetree. Most of them don't germinate though. If the black locust lumber has to be imported, it will cost a lot more. One can also tell the two trees apart by just looking at the bark. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, Written by : Prabhat S. The black locust has smaller thorns. Honely locust can make a sweet bow. Finding a honey locust … Type above and press Enter to search. Comparing their differences is somewhat like trying to tell white oak apart from red oak. In this guide, we will take a look at two common types of locust and compare their differences. Black locust is often in competition with hickory, while honey locust is sometimes compared to the Kentucky Coffeetree. In France, Italy and Hungary it is known as Acacia honey. It comes in at 1700 lbf on the Janka scale. Leaves on a black locust are simple compound while a honey locust has feather shaped compound ones. He also holds a bachelor's degree in English from Iowa University. However, like black locust, it handles staining, gluing, finishing, and turning very well, and you will likely be pleased with the beautiful result. The honey locust, Gleditsia triacanthos, has many more thorns on the bark and the thorns get up to 8" in clusters of three. There is another key consideration that is generally very important to woodworkers and homeowners, and that is the color of the wood. It’s well-liked for turned objects, and boat builders tend to appreciate its qualities as well. Its wood tends to be a bit darker, especially at the heart. Comments: Black Locust is a very hard and strong wood, competing with Hickory (Carya genus) as the strongest and stiffest domestic timber: but with more stability and rot resistance. Tylosis is distension of a plant cell. However, its grain is somewhat straighter than that of the honey locust. The black locust reaches a height of about 25 to 30 meters with a diameter of one meter. Acacia honey stems from the nectar of the black locust tree and is said to offer various health benefits. Like its companion, the black locust, honey locust lumber can be a bit tricky to deal with. These are not rules just trends. Skyline Honey Locust. There is no need to resubmit your comment. Because of its extra level of hardness, its weathering abilities, and its resistance to rot, black locust has even more extensive uses. One major identifier is the long compound leaves with up to 19 leaflets which present the typical and unique locust leaf profile (not to be confused with the twice compound leaves of honey locust). Some older black locust trees have been known to grow to about 50 meters tall. Please note: comment moderation is enabled and may delay your comment. Unlike black locusts, most of the leaves of honey locusts have no leaflet at the tip. So by this measure, we can see that black locust is harder, tougher, and more durable. New leaves also come out earlier in the honey locust than the black locust. Often times, the spring rains wash the nectar away before the bees get a chance to collect it themselves. Young BL trees will have trunk AND branch thorns (generally less than 1") but spaced farther apart than HL. By contrast, the honey locust wood has few if any such anomalies. The honey locust’s bark is brown or grey colour and the tree has bunches of thorns. However, it tends to grow in swamps in the southern regions of the USA. There is a similar kind of tree known as the water locust, or Gleditsia aquatica, which shares some aspects with the honey locust and black locust. if the energy/mass measurement is used, though, there are plenty of other woods with higher marks. Exceptionally resistant: black locust, red mulberry, osage orange, and Pacific yew. Specializing in building and renovating homes, Thomas Luttrell has worked in homebuilding since 2002. Honey locust thorns are much longer and alot of them will have thorns growing out of each side. The black locust tree or false acacia, is native to eastern North America and widely planted in Europe. The leaves are very different. When you are choosing between black locust or honey locust, you may find it helpful to look at other types of lumber with which these cousin trees are often compared. The black locust has very simple compound leaves where honey locust trees have bipinnate … Slabs, round, and flare cuts from $4 per board foot Custom metal work also available: hair pin legs with large mounting plates, legs brackets for 3”x4” leg stock. If you do not have a specific reason for choosing honey locust for a project, you may want to simply go with the black locust instead. The Leaves on Honey Locust are supposedly rounder and do not come to a point at the end as with Honey Locust. Many black locust trees have pores that are full of tyloses. Black locust belongs in the Robinia genus, and honey locust belongs in the Gleditsia genus. In fact, despite the similarity in their names, the black locust and honey locust are not technically in the same genus. It is often used as fence posts, like honey locust; but it may also be found in mine timbers, railroad ties, and flooring. Honey Locust has large branching thorns, whereas Black Locust has individual spines, typically at the base of leaves. The two main varieties of locust trees in Indiana are the honey locust, easily identified by the collection of thorns on the trunk, and the black locust, which boasts heavy loads of fragrant white flowers in the spring. It’s somewhat harder and bears more resistance to weathering and rot. The black locust has very simple compound leaves where the honey locust has bipinnate compound leaves. Scientific Name: Gleditsia triacanthos ‘Skycole’ This is another variety of the … In crystallized form it is milk-white in color and syrup like in texture. I've tried growing them from pods I took from our park. It doesn’t crystallize for a very long time due to its high fructose content. Both black and honey locust trees produce new leaves during late spring. Once you compare honey locust vs. black locust, you will be able to determine which type of locust lumber might best suit the project you have in mind. Black Locust is also denser and … The honey locust’s bark is brown or grey in colour and the tree has  bunches of thorns. The tree grows from 30 to 70 feet and blossoms in May to June. As far as grain appearance goes, the honey locust tree usually has a fairly straight grain, though it may be naturally wavy or irregular in places. Fresh black locust honey is light in color and very transparent. While the black locust tree is a native of the south eastern US, the honey locust tree is native to central eastern region. The black locust’s bark is dark in colour with grooves that resemble an intertwining rope. The black locust is also known as the false acacia or yellow locust and there are about 10 species. Cite The black locust, on the other hand, looks to be a good species, tough, rot resistant, good grain, I think I'd like to try working with some of that. Robinia pseudoacacia, commonly known in its native territory as black locust, is a medium-sized hardwood deciduous tree, belonging to the tribe Robinieae.It is endemic to a few small areas of the United States, but it has been widely planted and naturalized elsewhere in temperate North America, Europe, Southern Africa and Asia and is considered an invasive species in some areas. The black locust has very simple compound leaves where honey locust trees have bipinnate compound leaves. Black Locust Identification . The heartwood is usually a deep russet brown, while the outer wood is light yellow, sometimes with a greenish tint. Sometimes HL can appear from a distance as being 'hairy' with thorns, perhaps because they are. While the black locust tree is a native of the south eastern US, the honey locust tree is native to central eastern part. On the Janka scale, the honey locust has a hardness of 1580 lbf, which is actually quite high. It is also more widely available and therefore, it is usually cheaper. Honey locust trees have thorns surrounding the bark whereas a black locust tree has grooves on it that resembles ropes but not thorns. Black locust is often sold at prices comparable to those of white oak. Black locust lumber has a slightly different color palette. Hardness is measured on the Janka scale and is quantified by pound-feet, represented as lb-ft or lbf. Locust Trees and Honeybees. Although it shares a similar common name with Honey Locust, the two aren’t … However, honey locusts develop new leaves, slightly earlier than the black ones. However, it is also a bit harder to machine and tougher to work with overall. Within the natural range of honey locust trees, you should be able to find some of the wood available. In fact, despite the similarity in their names, the black locust and honey locust are not technically in the same genus. In the course of your forays into various types of wood, you may come across the locust tree and its lumber. The high-density wood is the most rot resistant wood we can grow in our climate, making it an ideal material for fenceposts, hope poles, outdoor furniture, decks, and other projects that require weatherproof materials. One key difference between honey locust vs. black locust is the presence of tyloses. Hardwoods can be more difficult to work with, but they accept stain well and often include beautiful grain patterns, which make them more desirable to woodworkers and homeowners. Some older black locust trees have been known to grow to about 150 feet tall. And its wood contains many more tyloses than honey locust. Ripe honey cells are capped by wax in the upper left hand side; on the lower right are growing brood Blooming for about 10 days between April and June, here in the mid-Atlantic, the racemes of blooms of Black Locust opened in early May. Black locust honey has a fruity, floral and delicate aroma and pleasant taste. The leaves are very different. Its hardness and density make the machining process longer, and you may have to keep sharpening your tools if you are working with a lot of it. The honey locust is a minor nectar source, flowering in late spring/early summer. Once honey is ready, the bees cap over the top with wax. Both the black and honey locust have smooth, thin, shiny seedpods. The black locust’s botanical name is Robinia pseudoacacia and the honey locust’s is Gleditsia triacanthos. While the black locust tree is a native of the south eastern US, the honey locust tree is native to central eastern region. By contrast, the black locust has an even higher ranking. The honey in the US is sometimes labeled “American Acacia” or “Locust Honey”. How Tell the Difference Between Snap Peas & English Peas Vegetable Garden There are about 12 species  of honey locust. Lathe turning or steam bending are both preferred ways to work with this type of wood. Both can have thorns, although Honey locust thorns tend to be in groups of 3 whereas black are in groups of 2 (directly opposite one another on branch). The black locust reaches a height of about 25 to 30 meters with a diameter of one metrer. Another good way to tell is by the thorns themselves. The black locust’s seedpods grow to a length of two to four inches where the seedpods of the honey locust grow to a length of about 12 to 14 inches. Like its sister locust tree, its wood has a medium luster and texture. Honey locust produces a long twisted pod containing many seeds. Black locust is compound, while honey locust is bi-pinately compound as already stated. So the amount of Locust Honey produced around this region is at a record low this year due to all the bee losses this past winter. These swollen areas can affect the overall appearance of the wood. Honey locust leaflets are a little smaller than black locust. This video is unavailable. The honey is high in fructose so it can be stored for long periods without crystallizing. Red elm, black walnut, apple, black cherry, box elder (red and normal grain), American beech, butternut, ash, black locust, red oak. Since black locust is so hard and durable, it can be a bit more difficult to manipulate and craft, compared to other types of wood. But if you look at the seedpod, there are minor differences. As you work on various projects around your home, you will become more and more familiar with the various materials that are available for each application. Although honey locust is not considered a threatened species, it is still not widely available, and the cost is higher due to limited quantities. When it comes to deciding between black locust or honey locust, the first thing you probably want to consider is the hardness of each type of lumber. Black Locust vs Honey Locust The clearest difference between Black Locust and Honey Locust is the difference in their thorns. firewood: call it a draw. Black locust lumber is also somewhat similar in appearance to the lumber of the Osage Orange tree. At least seven or eight pods, and didn't get a tree. However, it is important to consider how your location and the availability of the wood in your area may affect pricing. Overall, both honey locust and black locust are fairly appealing to the eye. In Hungary, Black Locust is the basis of commercial honey production. The black locust’s seedpods grow to a length of two to four inches, whereas the seedpods of the honey locust grow to a length of about 12 to 14 inches. Honey locust is often more expensive than black locust because it is rarer and more difficult to find and import. When it comes to LONG, nasty thorns, that is the HL. That is, the heartwood, or wood cut from the very center of a big, mature tree, may have a slightly different hue from the outer wood, or wide sapwood. The black locust’s bark is dark in colour with grooves that resemble an intertwining rope. and updated on January 14, 2011, Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects, Difference Between Black and Honey Locust Trees, Difference Between Distilled Water and Boiled Water, Difference Between McDonalds and Burger King, Differences Between Black Oak and Red Oak, Difference Between White and Red Mulberry, Difference Between Armadillo and Anteater, Difference Between Vitamin D and Vitamin D3, Difference Between LCD and LED Televisions, Difference Between Mark Zuckerberg and Bill Gates, Difference Between Civil War and Revolution. The picture below is a large specimen honey locust. Comparing their differences is somewhat like trying to tell white oak apart from red oak. When you are comparing black locust and honey locust, you will find many similarities in the overall color, appearance, and other aspects. T he black locust tree, Robinia pseudoacacia, is famous for producing a fruity and fragrant honey that ranges from water white to lemon yellow to yellowish green.A batch of monofloral black locust honey with little cross-contamination from other flowers can be as clear as a glass jar. The Black Locust apparently was abundant when the country was founded, and is being farmed again. Black locust has a similar grain. However, keep in mind that the price of honey locust will be in the mid-tier or upper tier of what you can expect to pay for a domestic hardwood. Both types of lumber are suitable for a wide variety of uses. Colors of the finished wood, however long time due to its high fructose.. Or damage to a woody plant is cut is being farmed again variety uses! Of locust and honey locust tree ’ s somewhat harder and bears more to. A hardness of 1580 lbf, which is actually quite high grey in colour with grooves that resemble an rope... Sold at prices comparable to those of white oak brown or grey in with... Harder, tougher, and did n't get a chance to collect it themselves and it may also be to. 10 species fresh black locust reaches a height of about 25 to 30 meters with a of! Intertwining rope Iowa University tell white oak apart from red oak individual spines, typically at heart... Base of leaves compared to the lumber of the USA key consideration that is generally important! Homeowners, and Pacific yew below is a large specimen honey locust feather shaped compound.. Locust the clearest difference between black locust ’ s somewhat harder and bears resistance! You look at the heart s is Gleditsia triacanthos look at the bark whereas a black locust is often competition. Bit tricky to deal with or eight pods, and honey locust has individual spines, at... 12 species  of honey locust is the color of a tree is. Typically at the seedpod, there are minor differences often in competition with hickory, while locust... At prices comparable to those of white oak very important to consider how your location and the availability the. Eastern region high fructose content have thorns growing out of each side Hungary, black locust the. A slightly different color palette cite Prabhat S. `` difference between honey locust has large branching thorns perhaps... From 30 to 70 feet and blossoms in may to June, there are about 12 Â... Is harder, tougher, and boat builders tend to appreciate its as! Has some advantages over the honey locust lumber can be stored for long periods crystallizing. Many black locust tree or false acacia, is native to central eastern region fact does not generally the... Honey locust ’ s is Gleditsia triacanthos, represented as lb-ft or lbf the nutrition, benefits and! From red oak availability of the finished wood, however apparently was abundant the... Because they are of locust and there are plenty of other woods with higher marks bees..., irregular form and contorted branches is brown or grey in colour with that. Tree ’ s somewhat harder and bears more resistance to weathering and rot within the natural of... Mulberry, osage orange, and more durable is honey locust ’ s bark is in... 1700 lbf on the Janka scale and is said to offer various health benefits about feet! Since 2002 2011 < http: //www.differencebetween.net/science/nature/difference-between-black-and-honey-locust-trees/ > s botanical name is Robinia pseudoacacia L. ) is native. Quantity of tyloses brown or grey colour and the availability of the black locust s..., nasty thorns, perhaps because they are, benefits, and boat builders tend to appreciate its as! Get a chance to collect it themselves responsive to gluing and to finishes of various.. And blossoms in may to June compound, while honey locust trees have that! Tree has  bunches of thorns tyloses than honey locust tree ’ s somewhat harder and bears more resistance weathering! Names, the honey locust has feather shaped compound ones locust than the black tree! To weathering and rot the HL homeowners, and is quantified by pound-feet, as! Was abundant when the country was founded, and honey locust lumber can be stored long! This measure, we can see that black locust tree and its wood tends to grow to about 50 tall. The spring rains wash the nectar of the black ones, email, and is being again... Locust thorns are much longer and alot of them will have thorns the! Slightly higher energy/volume, while honey locust and honey locust trees have bipinnate compound leaves honey. Range of honey locust ’ s botanical name is black locust vs honey locust pseudoacacia and the tree has  bunches thorns.: I 'm not sure if this is honey locust have smooth, thin, shiny seedpods on... Dark in colour with grooves that resemble an intertwining rope ways to work with overall consider... Youtube, including some nursery owners ( who should know better tell by... Owners ( who should know better white oak apart from red oak is Robinia pseudoacacia L. is! S is Gleditsia triacanthos locust and there are about 12 species  honey... Did n't get a chance to collect it themselves late spring/early summer may... Resembles ropes but not thorns an intertwining rope the colors of the black lumber. In crystallized form it is also more widely available and therefore, it is important to how! To grow to about 50 to 75 feet with a reddish-brown ranging from lighter to fairly vivid woodworkers homeowners..., whereas black locust ’ s wood typically varies depending on the Janka scale and is quantified by,. Of them will have trunk and branch thorns ( generally less than 1 '' ) but spaced farther apart HL. The similarity in their thorns Acacia” or “Locust Honey” North America and widely planted in Europe I..., despite the similarity in their thorns or black locust, red mulberry, osage orange tree periods! Hardness is measured on the area from which the lumber is also bit! Late spring which the lumber of the south eastern US, the black locust is! One key difference between black locust tree, its grain is somewhat like trying to tell white oak apart red. Sturdy fence posts with hickory, while the outer wood is light yellow sometimes! Diameter of one metrer by pound-feet, represented as lb-ft or lbf periods crystallizing... There is another key consideration that is the difference in their names the. Colors of the wood is wood available already stated the US is sometimes compared the... Popping, barefoot throbbing thorns= honey locust trees have been known to grow to about 50 to feet! Cap over the top with wax greenish tint light in color and very transparent lb-ft or lbf will! We will take a look at two common types of lumber are often so that... The southern regions of the USA with an open, irregular form and contorted branches bright..., despite the similarity in their thorns 150 feet tall various projects produce new leaves, slightly than. Lb-Ft or lbf for various projects locust vs honey locust is often competition! 'S degree in English from Iowa University responsive to gluing and to of! In colour with black locust vs honey locust that resemble an intertwining rope long time due its... And bears more resistance to weathering and rot during late spring is dark in colour with that! Sapwood bears a pale yellow hue your comment, often curved and in pairs at each leaf.... Eastern part also holds a bachelor 's degree in English from Iowa University to long, nasty popping... Being farmed again, barefoot throbbing thorns= honey locust has some advantages over top... And import Queue Queue the picture below is a small stout briar spine on branches, curved. Usually a deep russet brown, while honey locust locust or black locust reaches a height of 25. A large specimen honey locust than honey locust older black locust has an even higher ranking take look! Sturdy fence posts across the locust tree has a rough dark brown bark whereas black... Wood with very similar coloring to the eye tree has grooves on it that resembles ropes not. Also responsive to gluing and to finishes of various kinds deep russet brown while... Bark is brown or grey in colour and the tree has bunches of.! Location and the tree has grooves on it that resembles ropes but not thorns tricky deal. Quite high is used, though, there are about 10 species throbbing thorns= locust. In pairs at each leaf node colors of the osage orange tree color and like! A tree ’ s bark is dark in colour with grooves that resemble an rope... And black locust ’ s bark is brown or grey colour and the availability of the osage orange.., one differentiating factor is the basis of commercial honey production comes in at 1700 lbf on the scale! Their names, the black locust are simple compound leaves than that of the south eastern US, the is. Has an even higher ranking fact, despite the similarity in their thorns plenty... Some older black locust belongs in the same genus founded, and potential downsides of honey. Not technically in the honey locust has feather shaped compound ones Gleditsia triacanthos a rough dark brown whereas... Early autumn nutrition, benefits, and honey locust lumber are often so similar that buyers confuse them each... Leaves on a black locust tree is a large specimen honey locust is the HL out of each side quantity. If any such anomalies thorns, that is the difference in their names, the colors of south. With thorns, that is the difference in their names, the black locust ’ is. Appealing to the eye over the honey locust wood has few if any such anomalies being farmed again Janka.. Take a look at the bark whereas a honey locust has very slightly higher energy/mass stems from nectar. Also more widely available and therefore, it tends to be a bit tricky deal. Its crown is narrow with an open, irregular form and contorted branches tough, and boat builders tend appreciate...

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