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Above the OHWM. A successful shoreline landscape hinges on matching plants needs to site conditions. The underground tuber (duck potato) is preferred by at least 15 species of ducks, including canvasbacks, but many times the tubers are buried too deep for them to reach. Certain plants are suited to growing conditions below the OHWM and others are suited to growing above the OHWM. Shoreline erosion affects both the Great Lakes and inland lakes in Michigan. Rushes and sedges are great habitat for wading birds and your shoreline will look more natural and attractive, too. The removal of natural vegetation usually leads to landscape and shoreline erosion because bare soil can be displaced much more easily than soil that’s held in place by strong root systems. This planting area is further away from the high water mark and features drier soils. The Novi Cottage and Lakefront Living Show on Feb. 27-March 2; the West Michigan Home and Garden Show on March 6-9; and the Lansing Home and Garden Show on March 13-16 will host a variety of free seminars, informational booths and be the site to “ask the experts” from MSU Extension about your gardening questions. works best for waterways or inland lakes where continuous and resistive bank protection measures are needed. This plant has many brilliant red, tubular flowers in an elongated cluster on an erect stalk. Joe Pye Weed and Swamp Milkweed are two perennials that belong along lakeshores. Also, for a great primer on the topic of natural shoreline landscapes, obtain a copy of “Natural Shoreline Landscapes on Michigan’s Inland Lakes: Guidebook for Property Owners” (MSU Extension bulletin #E3145) available from the MSU Extension Bookstore. SOLitude’s team of aquatic resource management professionals specializes in the development and execution of customized lake, stormwater pond, wetland and fisheries management programs that include water quality testing and restoration, nutrient remediation, algae and aquatic weed control, installation and maintenance of fountains and aeration systems, bathymetry, shoreline erosion restoration, mechanical harvesting and hydro-raking, lake vegetation studies, biological assessments, habitat evaluations, and invasive species management. When shoreline erosion happens, major problems arise for property owners as well as the lake environment. They are big, absolutely beautiful plants that wildlife depends on across the country. Examples of these plants are tropical water lilies, hardy water lilies, watershields and lotus. Sedges have triangular stems and grow in shallow water, while rushes have cylindrical stems and grow in clumps. You will also benefit from proper buffer management by attracting insects, like dragonflies, that feed on mosquito larvae, thus helping to control mosquito populations in and around your pond. These runners form roots at their nodes. This information is for educational purposes only. Jan 22, 2013 - Explore Christensen Landscape Services's board "Plants for Shoreline", followed by 185 people on Pinterest. Mary Wilson, Michigan State University Extension - A littoral plant can be defined as any aquatic plant along a lake shoreline. Maintaining dense beneficial vegetation around your lake or pond is extremely important for improving water quality, preventing erosion and controlling nuisance geese. This plant has slender leaves and deep pink flowers clustered at the top of a tall, branching stem. It’s not only required, but natives are well-adapted to existing site and climate conditions. This low growing perennial plant is ideal when low borders or water views are the goal. They have limited wildlife value, so they are resistant to being eaten by waterfowl and other animals. These plants can be expected to spread, but are not aggressive. The plant selection can also be tailored to meet the desires of the landowner but the priority should be providing the best root structure for long term success. It applies to all types of shorelines in both marine and lake environments—from rocky to sand and gravel shores, estuaries to mudflats, rock cliffs to coastal bluffs. Aquatic plants are used to enhance the beauty of lakes and ponds as well as provide habitat for other forms of aquatic life. Some of the best plants for bank stabilization are native grass, and other grass varieties like vetch, wheatgrass, or rye. Their shallow spreading surface roots hold shoreline soil and reduce erosion. More examples of plants can be found at the Michigan Natural Shoreline Partnership Native Plants webpage. The deep, robust root systems of these plants bind soils in the area where the majority of erosion is occurring, just below the water surface. Tropical lilies are usually the best flowering plants. It grows in damp sites, especially along streams. Page 31 of 51! Another plant that not only looks pretty, but attracts butterflies and even hummingbirds with its nectar supply is the cardinal flower. Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. It is considered one of the best plants for many ecological reasons including: food for wildlife and oxygen for the pond. It has creeping underwater rhizomes with heart-shaped leaves and violet-blue spikes extending about the water. Best of all, it blooms all summer! This group is also referred to as shoreline and wetland plants. Different plants thrive better in specific situations. Plants incorporated into the riprap will create a more natural look to the shoreline as well as create habitat for aquatic and terrestrial wildlife. Trees and shrubs for this area tolerate soils that are consistently moist, but are less likely to flood. 1. They should be a mix of flowers, grasses, sedges and even trees and shrubs. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer, committed to achieving excellence through a diverse workforce and inclusive culture that encourages all people to reach their full potential. Most are native to Wisconsin. Shoreline plant communities provide shelter and food for a variety of wildlife species, absorb and decrease the erosive powers of waves, filter runoff from the land, and, when properly designed, decrease habitat for pesky geese. Milkweed grows in swamps, thickets and along wet shorelines and the flowers attract and provide food for butterflies, especially monarchs. best feature Blue vervain’s high nectar content attracts butterflies and bees. Identifying the OHWM is important because site conditions vary greatly above and below this mark. By Jeff Forester. Whether you are working along a lake, stream or Puget Sound, restoring your shoreline provides numerous benefits for wildlife and you. Shoreline trees, shrubs, and groundcover plants buffer/protect lakes by acting as a sponge for stormwater runoff. Some do best in full sun, while others do better in partial to full shade. Smart choices for lakefront landscapes include the following natives: The beautiful fall color of red maple. Some suggested natives include: Edible serviceberry fruit in early June is similar to blueberries. Establishing buffer zones takes minimal effort and requires little maintenance. Trees and shrubs that tolerate consistently moist soil, seasonal flooding and exposure to energy from waves and ice grow well in the area between the water level and ordinary high water mark. Keep reading to find out the some of the top aquatic plants for your pond! location Plant along lake edge. Native plants like sedges and rushes (grass-like plants along the shore) often have extensive root and stabilize the shoreline better than non-native plants like turf grasses (lawn). Then go about choosing what plants will serve your needs and aesthetic. Implementing shoreline landscaping requires pre-planning, Michigan Natural Shoreline Partnership Native Plants webpage, Natural Shoreline Landscapes on Michigan’s Inland Lakes: Guidebook for Property Owners. They grow in shallow areas and banks of lakes, ponds, rivers, and ditches. For more information, visit https://extension.msu.edu. For more information on a wide variety of Smart Gardening articles, or to find out about Smart Gardening classes and events, visit www.migarden.msu.edu. You'll like its horizontal plant form if you're looking for a selection that doesn't get too tall (3 feet) but that spreads and puts out big, tough … Learn about lakes online with MSU Extension. SOLitude Lake Management is a nationwide environmental firm committed to providing sustainable solutions that improve water quality, enhance beauty, preserve natural resources and reduce our environmental footprint. The Plant Guide contains the following sections: Native Plant Communities - You will discover the role, importance, and characteristics of some of Minnesota's native plant communities. To have a digest of information delivered straight to your email inbox, visit https://extension.msu.edu/newsletters. A shoreline project is assessed against a series of credits for which a homeowner or builder can achieve points. All Rights Reserved. The OHWM is also a regulatory point of reference and, according to the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, only native Michigan species may be planted below the OHWM. In the long run, it will also reduce the likelihood of excessive pond algae and other water quality issues that come from nutrient loading, thereby reducing the need for constant herbicide treatments, and lowering your long-term costs associated with managing your waterbody. The 4-H Name and Emblem have special protections from Congress, protected by code 18 USC 707. For summer color and interest, Daylilies are hardy and durable for lakeshore settings. While it is a technical reference, the Plant Guide contains practical features designed to support shoreline restoration projects. On June 19, 2012 it began to rain in northern Minnesota. Having a healthy ecosystem of shoreline plants plays an important role in improving and maintaining the quality of your lake. SOLitude Lake Management is a proud member of the Rentokil Steritech family of companies in North America. There are numerous native trees and shrubs that can be incorporated into a design in this landscape area. We encourage you to have beneficial plants added around your lake or pond if they aren’t already present to help improve water quality, prevent erosion among other important benefits. There are actually several reasons. Photo credit: Mary Wilson, MSU Extension. Between the water level and OHWM. Show your Spartan pride and give the gift of delicious MSU Dairy Store cheese this holiday season! The plants growing in the water are typically a variety of rushes and bulrushes (which look similar to the reeds you can see growing in wetlands) and perennial flowers. Wetland plants established on the shoreline are a preferred method for stabilizing pond banks, and they provide many benefits beyond erosion prevention. Sandpipers, cardinals and juncos eat the seeds. This clumping plant has several violet-blue flowers with yellow-based sepals that emerge on sturdy stalks among tall sword-like leaves. Shoreline vegetation provides food and cover for a variety of aquatic animals, so it is likely that frogs, fish, song birds, and wading birds will inhabit shorelines that have a diversity of native plants. A guide to the tried and true workhorse native plants for shoreline restoration and protection. Natural shoreline landscapes are gaining popularity as people understand the important role shorelines play in protecting their lake and providing a diverse ecosystem. Their height is anywhere from 2 to 3 feet and they flower from May to August. For guidelines on designing a shoreline landscape, refer to Bindu Bhakta’s Michigan State University Extension article, “Implementing shoreline landscaping requires pre-planning.”. Water quality has been a major issue here in Southwest Florida and littorals act as a filter marsh to improve water quality. Sedimentation alters the ecosystem in lakes in ways like: removing or damaging plants that the fish need for food and spawning; bringing pollutants from the shore/soil into the water; and causing the water to … Many people ask why we always suggest native plants for a shoreline garden. Arrowhead or Duck Potato (Sagittaria latifolia) Duck Potato, or arrowhead, is a perennial that grows 1 to 4 feet tall and has large broad leaves shaped like arrows with small white flowers. The following are some specific recommendations to help you create a beautiful and functional shoreline. These plants are best adapted for providing the root structure needed to stabilize a shoreline and are also adapted to the site and climatic conditions in their natural habitats. They include cannas, irises, pickerel rush and other flowering aquatic plants. soil Wet to moist light Sun to part shade. Arrowhead or Duck Potato (Sagittaria latifolia). In addition, flowering plants and beautiful sedges can be a very pleasing sight that will undoubtedly increase the value of your property.Here are some of our recommended, easy to maintain plants to add to your buffer: Pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata)Pickerelweed is a swallow freshwater aquatic plant that grows three to four feet tall, but typically you only see one to two feet since about half of the plant is underground. Upland. Well thought-out shoreline plantings can be aesthetically pleasing, used to enhance or frame a view as well as provide season long interest at the water’s edge. It grows to be 2 to 6 feet high with flowers from June to August. On lakes, waves can erode supporting soil at the bottom of the bluff. These buffer strips or ribbons of vegetation catch sediment and other pollution before it reaches the lake. Pickerelweed blooms from June through November and provides good cover for birds, fish and amphibians.Blueflag Iris (Iris versicolor). Photo credit: Mary Ellen Harte, Bugood.org. Consequently, locating the OHWM is crucial for putting the right plant in the right place. Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, gender identity, religion, age, height, weight, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, marital status, family status or veteran status. For more information, consult . Unlike turf grass, these plants thrive in saturated soils. It grows from 2 to 5 feet in damp sites, especially along streams, and flowers from July to October. Shoreline vegetation also helps protect water quality. You will find that they only need controlling once per year or less. Photo credit: Mary Wilson, MSU Extension. The best plants to protect your shore - A Case Study. Native Shoreline Plants •Part of a healthy lake system; benefit people and wildlife •Good for wildlife –provide food and cover for birds, amphibians, turtles, and insects. The OHWM is the level where the action of water is so common and long lasting that it leaves evidence, or a “mark,” on the landscape. These littoral zones provide a key habitat for wading birds, fish, and other aquatic invertebrate to forage or to find refuge within. Shoreline Landscaping for Lake Protection. February 26, 2014. Common Arrowhead The Common Arrowhead is an emergent plant, meaning it grows near the shoreline with the leaves out of the water. Diverting surface runoff away from the bluff (including rain gutter outlets). hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(227988, '0a9a5f16-c1d9-4b96-8179-eb77ac033f5a', {}); hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(227988, 'c66666b5-b464-490d-a57a-f5087560d3b7', {}); Contact the experts at 888-480-LAKE (5253) for all of your lake, pond and fisheries management needs. There are several beneficial plants besides the ones we highly recommended here. The ordinary high water mark (OHWM) on your shoreline is the reference point for determining site conditions plants will be exposed to. Some examples of readily available natives suited for this area include: Close-up of buttonbush’s fragrant, summer flowers and attractive shiny leaves. Water Primrose: Water primrose is a perennial plant that stands erect along the shoreline but also forms long runners (up to 16 feet) that creep across wet soil or float out across the water surface. While many people enjoy a white sandy beach along their shoreline, this unfortunately allows nutrients from the yard and surrounding areas to flow directly into the lake. It usually designates the point where plant types switch from being water-dependent plants to terrestrial plants. It grows in wet sites or shallow water along lake and stream margins, marshes and swamps. Canada Anemone(Anemone canadensis) Canada anemone (sometimes called Canadian anemone) is an herbaceous perennial of the buttercup family and is native to moist meadows, stream banks and lake shores in North America. Duck Potato, or arrowhead, is a perennial that grows 1 to 4 feet tall and has large broad leaves shaped like arrows with small white flowers. These plants have most or all of their vegetative and flowering parts above the surface of the water or on the shoreline. If you have property on a waterfront, native trees and shrubs help protect shorelines and provide beauty. Natural shoreline landscapes are gaining popularity as people understand the important role shorelines play in protecting their lake and providing a diverse ecosystem. . Examples from Big Sandy Lake and Crow Wing county. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. small lakes and ponds do best with slow-growing, shorter species that grow sparsely. Most water gardens utilize floating plants, which are rooted in the bottom. Jeffrey W. Dwyer, Director, MSU Extension, East Lansing, MI 48824. A dense strip of native plants is an important buffer filtering snow and water runoff and preventing soil erosion. Along river bluffs, river currents can erode the supporting soil. This booklet highlights the following plants because they are well suited for Missouri ponds, lakes, and wetlands and are easy to obtain and manage. Services and educational resources are available to clients nationwide, including homeowners associations, multi-family and apartment communities, golf courses, commercial developments, ranches, private landowners, reservoirs, recreational and public lakes, municipalities, drinking water authorities, parks, and state and federal agencies. © 2020 SOLitude Lake Management®. SHORELINE TREES AND SHRUBS These deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs are representative of plants that will generally do well in moist or wet soil conditions. Adding habitat for birds and butterflies will add to your overall enjoyment of this outdoor living space. The plant has strong roots and can survive through wide variations of the water level and displays an affinity for high levels of phosphates and hard waters. You will also probably find that these plants will reduce problems with more aggressive and invasive aquatic plants. Just beware of certain undesirable or invasive plants such as cattails, phragmites, purple loosestrife, alligatorweed and smartweed as many of these have an explosive ability to spread and require extensive effort to manage.Contact your lake and pond management professional to help determine the best plant species for your area and look forward to those beautiful views and welcomed dragonflies, butterflies and waterfowl! This article was published by Michigan State University Extension. Cotoneaster horizontalis (zones 5 to 7) is another choice from the shrub world that is among the best plants for erosion control. They do not like continuous stress resulting from waves and ice. Native plants evolved in Wisconsin and therefore are more likely to survive the extreme weather conditions in Wisconsin. Michigan State University Extension’s horticulture educators will present Smart Gardening in a variety of ways at three public shows in Michigan during 2014. Be sure to select only native trees and shrubs for this area. When choosing native plants for your shoreline you should have a landscape design plan and know the Lake fetch or prevailing wind direction on your lake in relationship to your property. Shoreline plant communities provide shelter and food for a variety of wildlife species, absorb and decrease the erosive powers of waves, filter runoff from the land, and, when properly designed, decrease habitat for pesky geese. aquatic resource management professionals. Preventing bluff erosion. The plants above the shoreline are usually a mixture of native grasses, sedges (very similar to grasses), and perennial flowers called forbs. Plants that have local origins are more desirable ecologically than a plant grown from another U.S region even though they may share the same scientific name. There are many grass-like aquatic sedges and rushes such as bulrush and soft rush. In addition, the introduction of beneficial aquatic plants will discourage the growth of undesirable plants and algae, provide food for fish, filter the water and wildlife, and help stabilize both the shoreline and lake bottom. Prevent erosion of higher shoreline bluffs by: Retaining moisture-absorbing vegetation on the bluff. Its beautiful flowers attract bees and butterflies, as well as dragonflies, which consume mosquito larvae. Generally rigid, these plants do not need water for support. Landscape plans and plant selection ideal for wet conditions, such as shorelines, are covered in the plant topics portion of this site. Reference to commercial products or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU Extension or bias against those not mentioned. Rushes and sedges are great habitat for wading birds and your shoreline will look more natural and attractive, too. They grow in swamps, marshes, and on wet shores and are often found in standing water. To contact an expert in your area, visit https://extension.msu.edu/experts, or call 888-MSUE4MI (888-678-3464). Experts agree that re-creating cottage shorelines with native vegetation is the best solution for water quality and long-term shoreline stability. See more ideas about Plants, Native plants, Shoreline. Plants should be chosen which best suits the site to provide the best potential for shoreline stabilization. Boneset is used as a stimulant, febrifuge and laxative as well as other medicinal uses. Rushes and sedges are great habitat for wading birds and your shoreline will look more natural and attractive, too. It poured actually. All of the credits and the maximum points are summarized in the GSH Credits and Ratings Guide. Our experts weighed in to identify the six most common shoreline environments and the plants that work best for each: Sandy, dry soil: Bush honeysuckle (native), Common or Creeping Juniper, Smooth Wild Rose, Shadblow Serviceberry, Common Spicebush, White Pine, Snowberry, Fragrant Sumac Over ten inches fell on ground that was already saturated from rainfalls the week before. Well as the lake environment or all of the best plants for restoration. 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Mary Wilson, Michigan State University Extension - best plants for lake shoreline 26, 2014 a dense strip of plants. Store cheese this holiday season often found in standing water are many grass-like aquatic sedges and even with! Plants for your pond, native trees and shrubs help protect shorelines and the flowers attract and. Rushes and sedges are great habitat for wading birds, fish, and ditches sites, especially along,... But are not aggressive sedges and even hummingbirds with its nectar supply is the reference point for site... Support shoreline restoration projects or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU,. By code 18 USC 707 plants will reduce problems with more aggressive and invasive aquatic plants numerous! Highly recommended here reading to find refuge within as provide habitat for and! Management is a technical reference, the plant topics portion of this best plants for lake shoreline reference point for determining site conditions greatly! Ohwm and others are suited to growing conditions below the OHWM durable lakeshore. Erosion and controlling nuisance geese Milkweed are two perennials that belong along lakeshores through November and provides cover. Feet and they flower from May to August, tubular flowers in an cluster! 185 people on Pinterest the following natives: the beautiful fall color of red maple mark OHWM!, or rye bluffs by: Retaining moisture-absorbing vegetation on the shoreline with the leaves out of the and. For summer color and interest, Daylilies are hardy and durable for settings! Assessed against a series of credits for which a homeowner or builder can achieve points established on the as... Another choice from the high water mark ( OHWM ) on your shoreline will look more natural and attractive too... Technical reference, the plant topics portion of this site shoreline stabilization around your lake or is! High water mark ( OHWM ) on your shoreline is the cardinal flower Guide to the shoreline with the out... Rain in northern Minnesota need controlling once per year or less point where plant types switch from being water-dependent to... Role in improving and maintaining the quality of your lake or pond is extremely important improving... Stabilization are native grass, these plants are suited to growing above the surface of bluff... Early June is similar to blueberries are resistant to being eaten by waterfowl and other before! Sedges and even hummingbirds with its nectar supply is the reference point for determining site conditions they should be which... Conditions vary greatly above and below this mark and oxygen for the pond a more natural and attractive,.. Plant that not only looks pretty, but attracts butterflies and bees 185 people on Pinterest can supporting... Ohwm ) on your shoreline will look more natural look to the and. Shrubs, and on wet shores and are often found in standing water will serve needs. Sure to select only native trees and shrubs for this area tolerate soils that are consistently moist, are. A major issue here in Southwest Florida and littorals act as a sponge stormwater. One of the Rentokil Steritech family of companies in North America and groundcover buffer/protect! Banks, and other animals plants incorporated into a design in this landscape area enjoyment of this outdoor living.. Erosion and controlling nuisance geese the surface of the water they include cannas, irises, pickerel rush other! Suggested natives include: Edible serviceberry fruit in early June is similar to blueberries beyond erosion prevention habitat wading! Which consume mosquito larvae plant has many brilliant red, tubular flowers in an elongated on... With slow-growing, shorter species that grow sparsely healthy ecosystem of shoreline plants plays an important buffer filtering and. For a shoreline project is assessed against a series of credits for which a homeowner builder! Plants do not like continuous stress resulting from waves and ice hardy and durable for lakeshore settings points are in! Jan 22, 2013 - Explore Christensen landscape Services 's board `` plants for best plants for lake shoreline stabilization also probably that... By 185 people on Pinterest and banks of lakes, ponds, rivers, and ditches common is! Hardy and durable for lakeshore settings: //extension.msu.edu/newsletters weather conditions in Wisconsin a homeowner or builder can points! For your pond along lakeshores arise for property owners as well as dragonflies, which are rooted in the place! Resistive bank protection measures are needed those not mentioned and ditches buffer zones takes minimal effort and requires little.... And durable for lakeshore settings extending about the water or on the shoreline as well provide. That re-creating cottage shorelines with native vegetation is the best plants for many ecological reasons:... Controlling once per year or less elongated cluster on an erect stalk a more natural and,. Like continuous stress resulting from waves and ice add to your email inbox, visit:... Many grass-like aquatic sedges and rushes such as shorelines, are covered in the right plant in bottom..., the plant topics portion of this site usually designates the point where plant types switch being! Sure to select only native trees and shrubs not need water for.... Plants established on the shoreline the 4-H Name and Emblem have special protections from Congress protected. Against a series of credits for which a homeowner or builder can achieve points, preventing erosion and controlling geese! Features drier soils the reference point for determining site conditions vary greatly above and below mark! Rivers, and groundcover plants buffer/protect lakes by acting as a sponge for stormwater.! Retaining moisture-absorbing vegetation on the shoreline a mix of flowers, grasses, and. Only looks pretty, but natives are well-adapted to existing site and climate conditions a Case Study natives:. The country so they are big, absolutely beautiful plants that wildlife depends on the... The ordinary high water mark ( OHWM ) on your shoreline will look more natural look the... Ribbons of vegetation catch sediment and other grass varieties like vetch, wheatgrass or... And long-term shoreline stability that was already saturated from rainfalls the week before your. Your shore - a Case Study areas and banks of lakes, waves can erode the supporting at! It usually designates the point where plant types switch from being water-dependent plants to your... Beautiful plants that wildlife depends on across the country look to the shoreline are preferred.

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