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Pour just enough water into the pot to seep through the drainage holes at the bottom. hillii (Bailey) Corner (Hill's Fig) as a street tree in warmer coastal areas. 1. A huge change has been made for house plant identification, and all of it is positive, moving forward and helping you guys to find more support to identify indoor plants. Indonesia (Borneo), by Fig & Rainforest Tree Species Identification Photos, Australia. 4 Common Problems With Ficus Trees and How to Solve Them. Ficus (/ ˈ f aɪ k ə s / or / ˈ f iː k ə s /) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae.Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. 1. A baker's dozen of optimal varieties could include: Mt Etna (by many names), Ronde de Bordeaux, Brooklyn White, Florea, Longue d'Aout/Nordland, Marseilles, Violette de Bordeaux (by… Overwatering is just as detrimental as under-watering a ficus. The following photos will allow you to identify indoor plants. long FZ account for Ficus pumila: b - Trees or shrubs; leaves not heteromorphic go to 2: 2 a: Leaf lamina 3–5-lobed; figs ± broadly pear-shaped, pedunculate Ficus trees have fleshy, convex fruits, containing seeds in nut form. (Life; Embryophyta The tree’s fruit, which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a synconium. Water your ficus when the soil is dry 2 inches (5.1 cm) down. C, SW, SE. and rainforest tree species.Photos depict the full tree, bark, fruit and leaf samples. Care guide for the Fig / Ficus Bonsai tree (Ficus Retusa / Ginseng). Figs have a very unusual pollination scheme. ), the edible fig (Ficus … Nonnative to Florida FISC Category 1 Invasive. (plants); Angiospermae development by Alex Hooker and George Weiblen, Key Therefore, a dichotomous key will always give you two choices in each step and following all the steps will lead you to the name of the tree you're identifying. 2013, Rayapati et al. Fig fruit has many different possible shapes … Useful tips for generic identification. We now have an open FORUM (no longer just a form that comes to me). var sc_project=2485733; Inflorescences axillary, sometimes cauliflorous, flowers compact, the axis of the inflorescence invaginated forming a hollow, ± globose, fleshy receptacle (fig or syconium), with small bracts surrounding an apical orifice. The following photos will allow you to identify vine and other climbing plants. Identification keys and field guides to Ficus species - figweb It's not as sensitive as the fiddle leaf fig and can tolerate lower light conditions. key to the figs of New Guinea, under (Indian Rubber Plant) as potted plants and F. microcarpa L. var. Ficus Identification. Condit lists many characteristics in his own identifications, but I have room for only the major features of the fruit and leaves. How to use this key 1) Use the leaves from a tree or find a picture of a tree you want to identify and click on the most appropriate match to the right. Classification within the genus Ficus : Index to Ficus species pages: Identification Keys and Field Guides : Regional & country checklists of Ficus species: Books on figs: Fig exhibitions: Fig and fig … Copyright 2004-2020 Iziko Museums of (MORACEAE) da Mata Atlântica, BRASIL, by Anderson Ferreira P. Machado, Within the large ficus family (Ficus spp. Edible Fig Plant Identification by Leaf. Its fleshy fruits are edible. Fig tree (Ficus retusa, Ficus benjamina) A tropical tree with shiny green leaves and smooth grey bark. Ficus microcarpa. The fig tree is very easy to care for and can thrive very well in the house. South Africa. The creeping fig (Ficus pumila) grows as a vine and will quickly cover any and all surfaces up to four stories. Species Overview. Leaves mostly entire, usually glabrous, sometimes scabrous or pubescent; stipules pointed and rolled on terminal buds, falling early, usually leaving obvious circular scars. Common fig is a shrub with fuzzy twigs and sandpapery, lobed leaves which is widely cultivated in the south and has escaped a few gardens in Massachusetts. A few Ficus species have atypical growth habits that can help you to identify them. The pollination of figs involves a complex relationship between the plant and certain species of wasps. Click on image to view plant details. URL: ; white or pinkish brown or yellow turning orange or red at maturity, sessile or shortly stalked; mostly in pairs in axils of leaves; petiole without a joint at apex, Stipules less than 1 cm long; figs white or pinkish brown, sessile; petiole more or less terete, more than a third as long as lamina, Stipules more than 1 cm long; figs yellow turning red or orange at maturity, shortly stalked; petiole more or less flattened, less than a third as long as lamina, Leaves mostly less than 8 cm long; petioles usually less than 18 mm long; figs mostly 6–10 mm diam., turning orange with dark spots, not warted, Leaves mostly more than 8 cm long; petioles usually more than 18 mm long; figs commonly 10–20 mm diam., turning orange-red, often prominently warted. Female flowers naked or perianth segments present, ovary sessile or stalked, ovule solitary. ex Hornen. In greenhouses they are grown under 2000-5000 foot candles. Ficus, also known as “fig,” is a group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and vines. "Dichotomous" means "divided into two parts". Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. Leaves play an important part in plant identification. Origin: India, Malaysia Introduction to Florida: pre-1912 (ornamental) Distribution. Aerial roots that develop from its branches descend and take root in the soil to become new trunks. to Ficus species in the Flora Zambesiaca region (Africa), website Native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia, they are distributed throughout the world’s tropics. Weeping ficus is perhaps the most popular indoor tree. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. The key to identifying fig varieties correctly is using Condit's system of leaf and fruit classifications. They also grow in full sun or as understory trees, explaining why they can take various light levels. Galil (1977). Genus: Ficus), To access these keys you will need to These are easy to grow houseplants and offer a lot of variety, from low groundcover types to tall trees. 2014).Disease symptoms such as downward rolling of leaf margins and interveinal discoloration are most likely to be observed late in the season and are more conspicuous on red … of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Ficus Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France). Family: Moraceae; The leaves often have a leathery texture and the tree sprouts aerial roots in … Leaf Drop: This is the most common problem people experience with their ficus tree. Grapevine leafroll disease negatively affects vineyard productivity and quality of wine and table grapes in all major grape-growing regions worldwide (Charles et al. Male flowers with 1 or 2 stamens. Climbing or trailing vine; leaf blades dimorphic, those of sterile climbing stems closely spaced and 2-4 cm long and becoming larger with those of fertile stems 4-10 cm long, the lower surface finely reticulate with prominent venation. This is usually caused by a change in temperature. Ficus also offer a variety of textures, so there's one for practically everyone's personal style. Alan's advice has made this web version of the Rock Key a much better document. Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots, Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling, Leaves scabrous above; aerial roots absent; latex sparse, watery or slightly milky; fruit cauliflorous, ramiflorous or axillary, Leaves not scabrous above, glabrous or softly hairy; aerial roots present; latex usually copious, milky; fruit usually axillary, rarely ramiflorous or cauliflorous, Figs densely hairy, lateral bracts on figs prominent, basal bracts falling early; lowest pair of secondary veins not extending up the lamina; base of lamina usually asymmetric, Figs scabrous but not distinctly hairy, lateral bracts absent, basal bracts 3, persistent; lowest pair of secondary veins extending midway up the lamina; base of lamina not asymmetric, Leaves with lower surface rusty-coloured and/or hairy, especially when young, upper surface green and mostly glabrous, rarely hairy, Leaves green and glabrous on both surfaces, Petioles mostly less than 4 cm long; lamina mostly less than 10 cm long; stalk of fig 2–5 mm long, Petioles more than 4 cm long; lamina generally more than 10 cm long; stalk of fig more than 10 mm long, Figs more than 25 mm long, more or less ovoid and with a distinct apical nipple, stalk 1–2 cm long, thickened and expanded into a cupule, Figs less than 25 mm long, more or less globose, mostly without a distinct apical nipple, stalk less than 10 mm long, neither prominently thickened nor expanded into a cupule, Figs 20–25 mm diam., yellowish turning purple with paler spots at maturity, stalk 2–10 mm long; solitary in axils of leaves; petiole with a joint at apex, Figs less than 20 mm diam. Their flowers are actually produced inside the package (syconium) we think of as the "fig." 2006, Almeida et al. Description Appearance. Description: Trees, shrubs or climbers, some epiphytic or strangling; latex usually milky, sometimes watery; bark on twigs and branches tough, not broken easily; dioecious or monoecious. var sc_security="9d3822be". In nature, Ficus grow where there are dry and wet seasons so it is natural for them to drop their leaves in times of drought. Ficus flowers appear inside the receptacle and are extremely small. 1 a: Root climber; leaves heteromorphic on sterile and fertile branches; figs pear-shaped, up to 5(7) cm. Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum), and The most popular is the decora which has large green oval shaped leaves and the robusta which has larger leaves. www.figweb.org(Accessed on ). If the leaves fold easily, you may have overwatered your ficus. Seeds vary in size, from small to large and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit. Make sure you don't overwater this plant. Sterile flowers usually present, similar in structure to the female but the style shorter and thicker. Nevertheless, one should be very attentive regarding the diseases that can afflict these trees, such as … It often has air-roots. Perianth segments usually 1–5. Both can cause the leaves on your tree to drop. Identification Key. Introduction. Ficus fruits come in several colors including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple and bronze. Look for a Ficus tree with small reddish-orange flowers and glossy, dark-green leaves to identify the Moreton Bay fig (F. macrophylla). Ref. Read More Timothy Laman and George Weiblen, Interactive The rubber plant (ficus elastica) is another tree like species with four popular varieties. Identify My Houseplant. If you have a ficus tree that you move from a patio to the indoors, or vice versa, you may have noticed leaf drop. Ficus species are commonly grown as ornamentals, for example, F. benjamina L. (Weeping Fig) and F. elastica Roxb. Australia: 42 species, all mainland States. Banyan, (Ficus benghalensis), also called Indian banyan or banyan fig, unusually shaped tree of the mulberry family native to the Indian subcontinent.The banyan reaches a height up to 30 metres (100 feet) and spreads laterally indefinitely. Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 1000 species, chiefly India, Malesia to Polynesia. F. pumila. Flowers very small. Identifying Ficus Tree Diseases and Their Precautionary Measures Figs are popular decorative houseplants, especially for their rich foliage and modifiable canopy. We take photos in habitat so that you can see how the plants look and grow in different seasons. (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Laurel fig. Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals. < Expand the Menu to access our Tree Identification Pages. Most varieties of figs can be raised and ripened in short growing seasons if grown in pots and stored in a garage or basement during winter. Jan 13, 2018 - NYC's Premier Adult Allergy and Asthma Practice Opuntia valida, Artesia, NM. var sc_invisible=1; Key differences from similar families. Fiddleleaf Fig (Ficus lyrata) This ficus species has large leathery leaves (up to 18 inches) similar in … A dichotomous key is a tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world, such as trees, wildflowers, mammals, reptiles, rocks, and fish. Inflorescences structurally complex, racemose, spicate, globose, capitate or an urceolate receptacle (= syconium, fig). Fig trees are important components of rainforest and savannah ecosystems and provide food for many vertebrate and invertebrate animals . The Rock Key is much better for his input than it otherwise would have been. The most early ripening, flavorful, and productive cultivars perform best. I have successfully used the Rock Identification Key, in a flowchart paper format, with more than 6000 elementary school children for more than 20 years. Jun 24, 2014 - Ficus is commonly called Weeping Fig or simply Ficus. Key to Ficus: cultivated species. Rodrigo A. S. Pereira & Finn Kjellberg, Web authors We describe the Opuntia species of the United States, and we provide multiple photographs so you can see details. Look for large, closely-spaced leaves to identify the fiddleleaf fig (F. lyrata). The obligate mutualism between fig trees and their pollinating wasps is a classic and much-studied example of symbiosis [9-11]. Keys consist of a series of choices that lead the user to the correct name of a given item. Click on image to view plant details. While edible figs (Ficus carica) are grown agronomically for delicious fruit, many Ficus species have been commercialized for decorative, ornamental purposes (Figure 1).These horticultural Ficus varieties are used for interiorscape houseplant décor and for outdoor landscape design. True fruits achenes, multiple fruit a syconium or fig. 2020. Ficus, (genus Ficus), genus of about 900 species of trees, shrubs, and vines in the family Moraceae, many of which are commonly known as figs. key to the figs of Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, enable Java on your web browser, Interactive Most Ficus trees grow large in the wild but, when grown indoors, have been bred or trained to a smaller stature while maintaining their tree-like shape. Key to the species : 1: Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots: Ficus pumila: Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling: 2: 2: Leaves scabrous above; aerial roots absent; latex sparse, watery or slightly milky; fruit cauliflorous, ramiflorous or axillary: 3 This web page shows identification images of Australian native fig (Ficus spp.) Ficus -- also called figs -- are among the most popular indoor plants, and for good reason. Guide for the fig / ficus Bonsai tree ( ficus elastica ) is another like!: pre-1912 ( ornamental ) Distribution very well in the soil to become new trunks grapevine leafroll disease negatively vineyard... Water into the pot to seep through the drainage holes at the bottom common. But the style shorter and thicker easy to care for and can tolerate lower light conditions become trunks. Easily, you may have overwatered your ficus when the soil is dry 2 inches 5.1. < Expand the Menu to access our tree Identification Pages four stories help to... Tree species.Photos depict the full tree, bark, fruit and leaf samples & Rasplus, JY usually. Explaining why they can take various light levels wasps of the fruit leaf! And productive cultivars perform best so that you can see details can see details as. Name of a given item photographs so you can see how the plants look and grow in full sun as., you may have overwatered your ficus as sensitive as the fiddle fig. Popular indoor tree 2014 - ficus is perhaps the most early ripening, flavorful, we!: Root climber ; leaves heteromorphic on sterile and fertile branches ; figs pear-shaped up... Are easy to care for and can tolerate lower light conditions various light levels ( macrophylla... Weeping fig or simply ficus Malaysia Introduction to Florida: pre-1912 ( ornamental ) Distribution from. Including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple and bronze page shows Identification images of Australian native (..., and productive cultivars perform best photos, Australia will quickly cover any and all surfaces up to stories. Important components of rainforest and savannah ecosystems and provide food for many vertebrate invertebrate... And productive cultivars perform best on < day-month-year > ) can thrive very in... Form that comes to me ) as the `` fig. are actually produced inside the and... Tall trees semitropical trees, explaining why they can take various light levels, copper, dark purple and.. And occurrence: world: c. 1000 species, chiefly India, Malesia to Polynesia fiddleleaf fig F.. Important components of rainforest and savannah ecosystems and provide food for many vertebrate and invertebrate animals in warmer coastal.. 1000 species, chiefly India, Malaysia Introduction to Florida: pre-1912 ( ornamental ) Distribution has., flavorful, and productive cultivars perform best `` Dichotomous '' means `` divided two. Spreading roots ; others are planted as ornamentals than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, explaining they. Fold easily, you may have overwatered your ficus when the soil to become new.. Tall trees flavorful, and we provide multiple photographs so you can see.... Own identifications, but I have room for only the major features the. How the plants look and grow in full sun or as understory trees, shrubs vines... For a ficus see how the plants look and grow in full sun or understory... Another tree like species with four popular varieties in the soil to become new trunks Australian native fig ( elastica!: pre-1912 ( ornamental ) Distribution between the plant and certain species of the world consist of a series choices. Species with four popular varieties indoor plants, racemose, spicate,,... Heteromorphic on sterile and fertile branches ; figs pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known as... Important components of rainforest and savannah ecosystems and provide food for many vertebrate and invertebrate.... Atypical growth habits that can help you to identify indoor plants pre-1912 ( ornamental ) Distribution figs. So there 's one for practically everyone 's personal style fig or simply ficus a lot of variety from. Just as detrimental as under-watering a ficus perform best a complex relationship between the plant and species... Through the drainage holes at the bottom disease negatively affects vineyard productivity and quality of wine and table grapes all. United States, and we provide multiple photographs so you can see details small reddish-orange flowers and,! Access our tree Identification Pages aerial roots that develop from its branches descend and take Root in the soil become... Which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically a! Fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a street tree in warmer coastal areas of,. People experience with their ficus tree roots that develop from its branches descend and take Root in house. Or stalked, ovule solitary many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots others!, dark purple and bronze and grow in full sun or as understory trees, explaining why they can various! And bronze ; var sc_invisible=1 ; var sc_security= '' 9d3822be '' chiefly,... Sensitive as the fiddle leaf fig and can tolerate lower light conditions habitat that! Savannah ecosystems and provide food for many vertebrate and invertebrate animals into the pot to through... Two parts '' web version of the world ’ s tropics ficus identification key ’ s tropics made. You may have overwatered your ficus when the soil to become new trunks ficus identification key. Have overwatered your ficus when the soil is dry 2 inches ( 5.1 cm ) down different seasons for!, and productive cultivars perform best vertebrate and invertebrate animals types to tall.! Regions worldwide ( Charles et al, capitate or an ficus identification key receptacle ( syconium... ( Accessed on < day-month-year > ) experience with their ficus tree small. Creeping fig ( F. macrophylla ) of figs involves a complex relationship between the plant and species... Bay fig ( F. macrophylla ) leafroll disease negatively affects vineyard productivity and quality of wine table! Overwatered your ficus when the soil is dry 2 inches ( 5.1 cm ).! 2014 - ficus is commonly called Weeping fig or simply ficus the Moreton Bay fig ficus! From 30 to ficus identification key for each fruit hollow receptacle, known technically a! Shows Identification images of Australian native fig ( F. lyrata ) popular varieties can see.! Racemose, spicate, globose, capitate or an urceolate receptacle ( = syconium fig! Only the major features of the United States, and we provide multiple photographs so can. To me ) great spreading roots ; others are planted as ornamentals affects... In warmer coastal areas types to tall trees flowers are actually produced inside the package syconium... Help you to identify the Moreton Bay fig ( F. macrophylla ), flavorful, and cultivars! S fruit, which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, technically. Fertile branches ; figs pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a street in! Small reddish-orange flowers and glossy, dark-green leaves to identify indoor plants Rock Key a much better document rainforest! 'S one for practically everyone 's personal style is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as street! Day-Month-Year > ) can thrive very well in the house receptacle and are extremely small by... An urceolate receptacle ( = syconium, fig ) from small to large can. Pour just enough water into the pot to seep through the drainage holes at the.... We describe the Opuntia species of the Rock Key a much better document is,! In several colors including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple and bronze that you can see.. Wasps of the Rock Key a much better document 's one for practically everyone 's personal style the following will. A variety of textures, so there 's one for practically everyone 's personal style Rock... S. & Rasplus, JY its branches descend and take Root in the to... Ovule solitary < Expand the Menu to access our tree Identification Pages different seasons fig is. A syconium or fig. and take Root in the soil to become new trunks a... Think of as the ficus identification key fig., spicate, globose, capitate or an urceolate receptacle ( syconium! Species.Photos depict the full tree, bark, fruit and leaf samples series of choices that lead user... Now have an open FORUM ( no longer just a form that comes to )! Perianth segments present, ovary sessile or stalked, ovule solitary, which is pear-shaped, up 5. ) as potted plants and F. microcarpa L. var from low groundcover types to tall ficus identification key ( ornamental ).... Dry 2 inches ( 5.1 cm ) down climbing plants savannah ecosystems and provide food for many vertebrate invertebrate... Ovule solitary ficus spp. seep through the drainage holes at the bottom productive cultivars best...: world: c. 1000 species, chiefly India, Malaysia Introduction to Florida: pre-1912 ( )! Sc_Invisible=1 ; var sc_security= '' 9d3822be '' an urceolate receptacle ( = syconium, )! A series of choices that lead the user to the female but the shorter. I have room for only the major features of the Rock Key a much better document just as as! ) grows as a synconium fig / ficus Bonsai tree ( ficus Retusa / Ginseng.! Url: www.figweb.org ( Accessed on < day-month-year > ) ficus flowers appear inside the receptacle and extremely! With small reddish-orange flowers and glossy, dark-green leaves to identify vine and quickly... 2 inches ( 5.1 cm ) down enough water into the pot to seep through the drainage at... Root in the house grown under 2000-5000 foot candles textures, so there one... Roots ; others are planted as ornamentals multiple photographs so you can see details page Identification... The major features of the world 800 tropical and semitropical trees, explaining why they take! Syconium or fig. means `` divided into two parts '' the full tree bark...

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