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The Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project, which monitors incidents of conflict around the world, found that there had been 21 600 incidents of armed conflict in Africa … This article originally appeared on Transcend Media Service (TMS) on 28 Feb 2011. They have occurred in almost every African country throughout the post-independence period. This study examined the patterns or mechanism for conflict resolution in traditional African societies with particular reference to Yoruba and Igbo societies in Nigeria and Pondo tribe in South Africa. It contrasts with civil war on one hand (where a single nation or ethnic group is fighting among itself) and regular warfare on the other, where two or more sovereign states (which may or may not be nation states) are in conflict. In the African state, there is a pull towards privatisation of the state and towards militarisation. CAUSES OF CONFLICT IN AFRICA 1. Politics of cultural plurality has sensitised that the more fairly a society is organised, the more the people tend to forget about the particularism that divide them. email. If direct violence and retaliation have already occurred, it is too late a stage for early warning. It’s sad that there is too much conflict on the continent of Africa. Poor economic performance: a more basic and long term cause of conflict has been the catastrophic economic... 2. Share this article: Perception. Second, I look at the current US ‘war on terror’, its causes, its connections religious conflict. Your email address will not be published. The European concept of a nation was exported to Africa. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. article about the conflict in dear Africa. Internatio Africa should work towards getting out of the zone of turmoil, characterised by poverty, repression and war, in which it has existed all along, into zone of peace, in which can be found peaceful, democratic and wealthy nations. Long before Africa was colonised, and way beyond the advent of slave trade, African societies had institutional mechanisms as well as cultural sources to uphold the values of peace, tolerance, solidarity and respect for, and of, one another. Early Warning and Conflict Resolution. 1.3 ETHNIC CONFLICT IN AFRICA An ethnic conflict or ethnic war is an armed conflict between ethnic groups among African countries.. In Nigeria, Cameroon, Sudan and elsewhere, ethno-regional inequalities have intensified competition and conflict among various interests. Conflict Governance: State dictatorships trying to shore up ethnic autocracies are under attack by … It has raised worries in the mind of many who wonder when all conflicts will be resolved and eventually the white flag of peace will be raised. Conflict is often heightened among nomadic groups concerning issues of cattle and grazing land and it forms part of the wider Sudanese nomadic conflicts. View. Dat en andere markante feiten over COVID-19. These may include slavery, human trafficking, child prostitution, human rights abuses, corruption, bad bullying, governance, et cetera. Hundreds and thousands of people have lost their lives due to conflicts and civil wars. Thanks you for your good aticle as astundent of diplomance and Internation Relation,it has helped me to widen my knowledge on the matter of conflict in our beloved continent. Hundreds of people were killed and yet to be settled. Editorial Consultant to numerous African-biased newsmagazines in: The Netherlands, Germany and Austria. Mozambique was to receive 7500 UN peacekeepers. Idi Amin was able to recruit soldiers loyal to him from across the northern border, from the Sudan, for his own Kakwa tribe had been split in two by the colonial border. Therefore, it is desirable that African leadership can and should rise and take up the challenge by working towards development for the benefit of all citizens of the continent. However diverse the conflicts in Africa are, it is becoming increasingly clear that these conflicts cannot be contained within the present state frameworks, especially with the very terrible cases of state failure such as in Somalia, Sudan a Congo (DRC). The conflict at the was initially mostly between the government of the House of Representatives (HoR) that was elected controversially in 2014, also known as the “Tobruk government”; and the rival General National Congress (GNC) endorsed government, also called the “ National Salvation Government “, based in Tripoli, the capital. Thank you. Training is in fact a key need, for often such process as mediation or peace-keeping require attitudinal changes in the actors involved. The international organisations involved in African conflicts are mainly the UN and the OAU/AU. conflicts in Africa and the ways that its extant capacity can be enhanced. But like war, conflict is and has been throughout history a normal way of conducting disputes between political groups within human society. Brooklings Institution, Washington, D. C. for action to prevent the breaking-out and escalation of conflicts. In 1992, UN Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali stated as the deepest causes of conflict: ‘economic despair, social injustice, and political oppression.’. This is the second Civil War in Libya and it is an ongoing conflict among rival factions who are seeking to take control of the territory and crude oil of Libya. But many African countries have not been able to suppress mass discontent. Conflict resolution can diffuse incidents of hostility. 2. There have been signs that the era of nation-states is fast fading but nowhere is this clearer than in Africa. Unfinished Tapestry? The main purpose of factional politics is to influence the composition of the official power apparatus, to determine who rules in a given political centre. S outh Africa’s most prominent period of intense political conflict was between 1950 and 1994 with peaks in 1976 and 1984 [1].Unlike other African countries whose independence came with political freedom from colonialism and white domination, South Africa remained under a white-led racialised administration that oppressed the majority black population even during independence from … . IPRA it is honor to write to you ,it is very wonderful Notwithstanding, some ideas are being advanced which may help to solve this problem. This conflict began in December 2016. In 1991, the clan-based armed opposition groups manageably overthrew the Barre government. The Somali Civil War (the 1980s – date) This is an ongoing civil war in Somalia. The report, of course, was not just relating to Africa, but for the world and it represented an important phase to anticipate, limit and end conflict. Hundreds and thousands of people have lost their lives due to conflicts and civil wars. As an independent non-governmental think tank and continental centre for research and strategic studies, this remains imperative. From available indices, Nigeria has the potential for this type of conflict, given the high graduate unemployment, poor standard of living, marginalisation of the peasants, emasculation of labour and many other unresolved social ills. leaders came to the power by force .there is no clear plan The key means of dealing with elite demands have often been through the manipulation of appointments and policy shifts often, distribution of bureaucratic posts is used as a means of appeasement, which partly accounts for the rapid growth of state machinery, such as the creation of numerous states within Nigeria. The year 2009 was the beginning of the Boko Haram insurgency began in Nigeria, when the jihadist rebel group began an armed rebellion against the Nigerian government. In the last two decades of the 20thcentury, the UN intervened in Mozambique’s Civil War; the Angolan Civil War; the Namibian Independence Conflict; Western Sahara, and the Rwandan genocide of April to July 1994. This insurgency is currently ongoing in Mozambique, between Ansar al-Sunna, an Islamist militant group attempting to establish an Islamic state in Mozambique, and Mozambican security forces in Cabo Delgado Province, Mozambique. Stephen McCarthy’s definition of a nation as ‘a complex web of common cultural, social and economic interests among people, leading to a sense that what they share in common is greater than their regional, tribal or other differences’ simply reflects features which many African states did not have. Nagorno-Karabakh: Protecting the Heritage of Humanity, TMS: Conflict and Violence in Africa: Causes, Sources and Types, Click here to go to the current weekly digest, Sidelining Africans, the US Imposes Its Own Choice for UN Envoy to Libya, Rising Hunger in Drought-Stricken Southern Madagascar Forcing Families to Eat Insects: WFP, Trump’s Normalization of Israel Spreads to Africa. Poor governance, ethnic rivalry, mismanagement of land and natural resources, declining economic conditions, and widespread poverty and famine form a daunting bulwark against stability. There is a growing awareness that preventive diplomacy is needed, whereby information gathering, monitoring and the provision of databases can be utilised by governments, international agencies, humanitarian organisations, the media, etc. 50 ANCIENT CITIES IN AFRICA – HISTORICAL PLACES TO VISIT, PHYSICAL MAP OF AFRICA WITH RIVERS, MOUNTAINS, AND DESERTS (BLANK), BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES FOR AFRICAN GRADUATES AND ENTREPRENEURS. A major cause of African conflicts has been ethnicity, and it has continued to be so. We would be taking a look at the current conflicts in Africa with examples. Rupesinghe, Kumar (1992). in my view the lack of democracy in Africa Comprehending Causes and Histories of Conflicts. The Sinai insurgency is between Islamist militants and Egyptian security forces and it is a current and ongoing conflict in the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. After that incidence, there followed massive border clashes near Ben Guerdane in March 2016, and ISIL activity was described as an armed insurgency, the group switched from previous tactics of sporadic suicide attacks to attempts to gain control of the territory. Politics is a commercial venture in his own right, as Roger Tangri puts it; conflicts arise not so much out of clashes of ideologies or programmes, but for profit – often for just an elite few, for the masses take little part in this part of conflict: nearly all tribal or ethnic conflicts are rooted in competition between individuals, for the scarce resources of wealth, state and power. The insurgency includes attacks on civilians and it began after the start of the Egyptian Crisis, which saw the longtime Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak overthrown from the government during the Egyptian revolution of 2011. The Oromo–Somali clashes began following a territorial dispute between Oromo and Somali communities in Ethiopia. African countries have to find answers to their conflicts by comprehending and understanding the underlying causes and histories of these conflicts and work out ways of averting potential conflicts. the relevant conflict processes and contexts, as well as of the likely impacts of possible interventions. The five types of conflicts that have afflicted Africa include anti-colonial, imperial, international, inter-state and intra-state conflicts.

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